Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums. It begins with the formation of plaque on the surfaces of your teeth and along the gum line. If the deposits of plaque are not removed, the bacteria living in them continue to grow and proliferate. In order to fight off bacteria, your immune system has a way of building up a defense against the infection which results in the inflammation of your gums. Once your gums begin to swell, this is already an indication of gingivitis, the first stage of a gum problem. Once you start developing gingivitis, you should take extra care for your oral health and ensure that you do not ignore the condition as it can advance to a more serious stage, which could eventually lead to tooth loss.
Some of the common symptoms of periodontal disease are:
- Persistent bad breath
- Red, swollen, tender and bleeding gums
- Pain in the teeth while biting or chewing
- Loose teeth
- Tooth sensitivity
- Gum recession
It is always possible to prevent the development of oral health problems such as gum diseases if and only if you know how to stick to good oral hygiene. Maintaining good oral hygiene refers to your ability to keep your teeth and mouth thoroughly cleaned by means of regular brushing, flossing and dental checkups and cleanings.
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
One of the non-surgical treatments used to control the progression of gum disease is scaling and root planning. In this process, the hardened tartar deposits are first scraped off from the tooth and gum surface, and a deep cleaning is performed to clean off bacteria and plaque. This is followed by planing the root surfaces in order to control and prevent further growth of bacteria.
If the periodontal disease has progressed to an advanced stage, then pocket reduction surgery is performed to control its spread.
For more information on periodontal diseases and their treatment, you can call Hermitage Dental Group at (615) 241-6461.